|Karl X Gustaf of Sweden attributed to Abraham Wugters, before 1660|
Karl X of Sweden embodies quite well the ideal man of the 17th century. Short and rather less than slender, he was a hugely successful man. Winning a throne that it was by no means certain that he would, his cousin Kristina could have married and have children instead of abdicating, he was also very attractive to the ladies. And here are a few other Swedish poster boys, men known at the time for being very handsome.
|Detail from a portrait of Gustav II Adolf of Sweden by an unknown artist, painted before 1632|
|Detail from a portrait of Maria Eufrosyne of Pfalz and her husband Count Magnus Gabriel De la Gardie. by Hendrik Münnichhoven 1653|
|Detail from a portrait of Count Nils Brahe the younger by A. Wuchters, seconf half of the 17th century|
|Detail from a painting of Loius XIV by an Charles Le Brun, 1661|
At this point of life, Louis had a long and beautiful hair, but when
he grew bald, he started to use a wig, making wig-wearing very popular.
On the other hand, Charles II who doesn't look half-bad either were not seen as handsome by his contemporaries.
|Detail from a portrait of Charles II of England, Scotland and Ireland by Peter Lely.|
|Detail from Portrait of a Man in Classical Dress, possibly Philip Herbert, 4th Earl of Pembroke by Marcus Gheeraerts II, ca 1810|
Detail from a portrait identified in Cartwright's inventory as Nathan Field, 1587-1619/20, London actor and member of the King's Men, ca 1620
Patches were also worn by men.
In the beginning of the 17th century men usually wore their hair quite short and almost always with both a moustache and a small neat beard. I just had to include Karl IX, becasue his version of a comb-over must be one of the most fanciful, ever.
|Detail from a portrait of Karl IX of Sweden by an unknown artist, before 1612|
|Detail from a miniature of an unknown man by Nicholas Hilliard, ca. 1600|
|Detail from a self-portrait by Sir Nathaniel Bacon, ca. 1610|
With some rather peculiar versions that mixed hair lengths, the long locks were called love locks.
|Detail from a portrait of George Villiers, 1st Duke of Buckingham by Michiel J. van Miereveld, 1625-1626|
|Portrait of François de Montmorency-Bouteville, ca.1615|
For several decades it was common to wear one’s natural hair long and flowing. The facial hair disappeared, first the beard and eventually the moustache.
|Detail of a portrait of James Stuart, Duke of Duke of Richmond and Lennox, ca. 1634–35|
|Triple portrait of Charles I of England, Scotland and Ireland by Anthony van Dyck, 1635|
|Detail of a portrait of Francois de Vendome, Duc de Beaufort by Jean Nocret, 1649|
|Detail of a portrait of Louis Testelin by Charles Le Brun, 1648-1650|
|Detail of a portrait of a Young man of the Chigi Family by Jacob Ferdinand Voet|
Undated, but Voet lived between 1639-1689, so probably 1660's.
|Detail of a portrait of James Scott, Duke of Monmouth and Buccleuch, as a Boy by an unknown artist, 1660's|
|Detail of a portrait of Cornelis Tromp in Roman costume by Abraham Evertsz van Westerveld|
Dated 1670-1690, but probably closer to 1670.
The hairstyle became curlier and fuller and though some may have been made from natural hair, the Allonge wig entered the stage and by the end of the century, really big wigs were the norm.
|Detail of a portrait of George Villiers, 2nd Duke of Buckingham, by Peter Lely, ca. 1775|
There were also a shorter wig, the periwig, suitable for travels, hunting or warfare.
|Detail of a portrait of Karl XI of Sweden by David Klöcker Ehrenstrahl, ca. 1685|
|Detail of a portrait of a gentleman by Nicolas de Largillière, late 17th century|
|Detail of a portrait of Henry Davenport III as a Young Man by Jan van der Vaart ,1699|
Corson, Richard, Fashions In Makeup, 1972
Kipar, Nichole, Male hairstyles
Pointer, Sally, The Artifice of Beauty, 2005